The Benefits of Orton-Gillingham Instruction
- Orton-Gillingham is prescriptive, focuses on the individual needs.
- Orton-Gillingham is a multi-sensory approach. It uses visual, auditory and kinesthetic-tactile learning pathways simultaneously. It involves the students more fully in the learning experience.
- Orton-Gillingham is not only a reading approach because reading, writing and spelling are taught simultaneously. Penmanship, composition skills, grammar, visual/auditory drills, teaching of new concepts, vocabulary building, sequencing skills, sight words are also incorporated in each lesson.
- Orton-Gillingham is structured, meaning that the structure of the language is taught and that each lesson is carefully crafted using the same lesson segments each time and the same processes in teaching the student to the point of automaticity.
- Orton-Gillingham is sequential, meaning that the language is taught from the simple to the more challenging; from the concrete to the abstract; from short, regular forms to longer and irregular forms.
- Orton-Gillingham directly teaches phonics – the alphabetic symbol-to-sound and sound-to-symbol relationships. (Decoding/Encoding skills or Spelling/Reading skills)
- Orton-Gillingham teaches for mastery. A careful sequence is followed. New learning is connected with prior learning. Much practice is incorporated and the student is taken at his/her own pace to the point of mastery, or life-long learning.
- Orton-Gillingham is one-to-one direct tutoring.
- Orton-Gillingham gives a hands-on experience for the student. If the lesson is about fractions, I will let the student play with plastic pies slices to understand. If the lesson is on writing, I will play games that allow students to identify better writing techniques.